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The Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Protocol, developed by World Resources Institute (WRI) and World Business Council on Sustainable Development (WBCSD), sets the global standard for how to measure, manage, and report greenhouse gas emissions.

Hundreds of companies and organizations around the world are using GHG Protocol standards and tools to manage their emissions and become more efficient, resilient, and prosperous organizations.

Featured Content

New initiative announced to help ICT industry measure carbon footprint

New global guidance will provide common approaches for calculating carbon emissions of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) products and services

Tuesday 8 March 2011 - ICT companies and their customers will soon have common approaches and methodologies to calculate the carbon footprints of ICT products and services thanks to industry guidance due to be published at the end of the year.

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Stakeholder Dialogue on Corporate GHG Accounting in India

The Energy and Resources Institute – Business Council for Sustainable Development (TERI-BCSD), The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), and the World Resources Institute (WRI) organized a stakeholder dialogue on Corporate GHG Accounting in India on February 2nd, 2011.

The event was held on the sidelines of the World CEO Forum 2011 and was the first formal consultation of a project between TERI and WRI. The partnership aims to build capacity on corporate GHG accounting and gain an appreciation of the necessary steps required for developing a national GHG program.

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GHG Protocol holds green power accounting workshops in Washington DC and London

To garner feedback on the issues and options related to green power accounting, the GHG Protocol team held discussion-based workshops over the past few months tailored to US and European audiences specifically.

The DC workshop on December 13th, 2010 centered around accounting practices relating to renewable energy credits (RECs), best practices for assuring clear emission attribute ownership, and how an emissions cap on the power sector impacts voluntary green power purchases.

In turn, the London workshop on January 24th, 2011 was co-hosted by Defra and explored questions regarding green tariff programs, harmonizing EU energy tracking procedures, and appropriate corporate claims for publically-subsidized energy projects.

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GHG Protocol Product Program Workshop


Please join us October 25th for the first GHG Protocol Product Program Workshop. The workshop brings together product measurement, reporting, and labeling programs from around the world to:

Scope 2 Guidance

The Scope 2 Guidance standardizes how corporations measure emissions from purchased or acquired electricity, steam, heat, and cooling (called “scope 2 emissions”).The practices explained in the Scope 2 Guidance are now required for companies that wish to comply with the GHG Protocol Corporate Standard.
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Written Comments on Draft Product and Scope 3 Accounting and Reporting Standards

The first drafts of the GHG Protocol Product and Scope 3 Accounting and Reporting Standards were released for stakeholder review on November 11th 2009. The draft standards were developed over a nine month period between January and October 2009 through the work of 7 technical working groups comprised of more than 160 members, with strategic guidance provided by a 25 member steering committee.

Launch of the Greenhouse Gas Protocol for the U.S. Public Sector

The Greenhouse Gas Protocol for the U.S. Public Sector was released in October by the GHG Protocol Initiative and LMI. The protocol outlines how federal, state and local governments can account for their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. As a resource to help measure and manage climate impacts, the protocol serves as a reference for implementing Executive Order 13514, which President Obama signed on October 5, 2009.

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GHG Protocol Publishes Draft Licensing Policy for Public Comment

GHG Protocol has published a draft royalty-free Licensing Policy and plans to integrate this agreement into all online calculation tools and standards in the New Year. GHG Protocol website visitors will be asked to sign-in before downloading all online tools and standards and will then be asked to accept or decline the license presented before them. Users will not be asked to accept the license every time they download tools and standards; a one-time review of the license is all that is required.

The Policy is intended to foster open communication among GHG Protocol and its users by establishing a common understanding among users of what their rights and obligations are concerning intellectual property and end-usage.

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New Journal for 2011: Greenhouse Gas Measurement & Management

The world is now beginning to recognize the fundamental role of Measurement, Reporting, and Verification (MRV) to the success of any action to address climate change and the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that cause it. As the negotiations and legislative processes stutter, there is still an urgency to develop the infrastructure necessary to support real action. Further, despite an extensive literature on climate policy and technology, the literature on how best to manage GHG emissions is surprisingly limited.

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Guidelines in Development Focusing on Green Power Products

As companies seek ways to reduce the GHG emissions in their corporate inventory, they have increasingly posed questions regarding the use of external instruments such as offsets and green power products.

The variety of green power products available internationally reflects a diversity of national/regional electricity policies and voluntary approaches, and some of the common challenges in these topics include:

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Brighter Planet Launches Cloud-Based Carbon Middleware Platform

Compliant with the GHG Protocol and built around the first set of third-party-certified open source carbon models, this “science as a service” is provided at no cost to non-profit organizations as a service to the community. With a novel approach to deep transparency and a focus on resilience, Carbon Middleware makes GHG Protocol-based emission estimates available, auditable, and, affordable.

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First International Workshop of GHG Protocol-Based Programs

New developments are driving the need for GHG accounting programs around the world to evolve more efficiently, more effectively, and at a greater scale. On the business side, there is a trend toward managing GHG emissions along the value chain. Companies are looking up and down the supply chain and throughout the product life-cycle for GHG management opportunities. As climate policy becomes a reality in industrialized and developing countries around the world, many emerging economies are adopting voluntary national GHG mitigation targets and identifying the policies and measures to best achieve them. These trends point to the need for greatly enhanced GHG accounting capacity and tools at a global scale to ensure that mitigation actions can be measurable, reportable and verifiable.

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Otarian Restaurant in New York City Uses WRI’s Greenhouse Gas Protocol

Update from the star-studded launch of a new chain of sustainable restaurants.

On the evening of April 14th, WRI filled a role not normally reserved for environmental think tanks: VIP guest at a high-profile New York restaurant opening. Otarian, now open in New York City’s West Village, is a new boutique fast-casual restaurant chain based on the principles of sustainability and vegetarianism.

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Launch of The Greenhouse Gas Protocol for the U.S. Public Sector

The Greenhouse Gas Protocol for the U.S. Public Sector was released today by the GHG Protocol Initiative and LMI. The protocol outlines how federal, state and local governments can account for their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. As a resource to help measure and manage climate impacts, the protocol serves as a reference for implementing Executive Order 13514, which President Obama signed on October 5, 2009.

Sector-Specific Updates

Agricultural Sector

GHG Protocol has conducted the external review of its working paper on adapting the Corporate Standard for use in the agricultural sector. A finalized working paper is expected in September.

For more information please contact Stephen Russell

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Outreach Activities

U.S. Public Sector

The U.S. Public Sector Protocol will be published within the next month (this publication serves as the framework for conducting GHG inventories in compliance with EO 13514)

Performance Tracking Guidelines

The GHG Protocol Team started the development process of the Performance Tracking Guidelines this summer, and is engaging with relevant stakeholders. These Guidelines seek to provide GHG accounting and reporting guidance for performance-relevant issues, including how to treat renewable energy purchases within an inventory. The team will be issuing a first draft of the Guidelines in September.

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Calculation Tools - Progress Report

Common Carbon Metric (CCM)

GHG Protocol contributed technical resources and expert review of the Common Carbon Metric (CCM), a tool designed to assist building portfolio owners in measuring and managing GHG emissions from energy use in buildings. The CCM is an effort of the Sustainable Buildings and Climate Initiative (facilitated by the UN Environmental Programme), involving partnerships from most leading building industry programs and associations.

For more information please contact Stephen Russell or Mary Sotos

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WRI Greenhouse Gas Software Group

As the GHG accounting software market continues to grow rapidly, we encourage software providers to get in touch and share how they are using GHG Protocol tools and standards within their platforms. Please contact us by filling in the form below.

International Workshop of GHG Protocol Programs

Presentations from the workshop can be found in the table on the following page. Click read more to access.

Sixty Corporations Begin Measuring Emissions from Products and Supply Chains

On January 20th, sixty corporations begin measuring the greenhouse gas emissions of their products and supply chains by road testing a new global framework that is part of the Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative.

First Drafts of Product and Scope 3 Standards Released

The first drafts of the GHG Protocol Product and Scope 3 Accounting and Reporting Standards were released for stakeholder review on November 11th 2009. The draft standards were developed over a nine month period between January and October 2009 through the work of 7 technical working groups comprised of more than 160 members, with strategic guidance provided by a 25 member steering committee.

GHG Protocol Product & Supply Chain Initiative Kicks-Off Stakeholder Advisory Group

August marked the launch of two webinars presented to the Stakeholder Advisory Group for the new standards for Product and Scope 3 Greenhouse Gas Accounting and Reporting. The two-hour webinar was conducted for stakeholders in Europe and North America on August 6th and for stakeholders in Asia on August 27th. The webinars provided an overview of the standards’ development process to date, a review of the initial recommendations, and details of the upcoming comment process on the draft standards.

Over 240 stakeholders participated in the webinars. For those who were not able to attend, the webinar was recorded and is now posted on the GHG Protocol website.

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Top Companies in Brazil Report Greenhouse Gas Emissions for the First Time

Petrobras, Ford Brasil, Walmart Brasil, and Whirlpool are some of the first companies to voluntarily measure and publicly report their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions using the Brazil GHG Protocol Program, a project of the World Resources Institute (WRI).

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Closing the Bankers' Loophole in Emissions Reporting

By Shally Venugopal

Financial institutions are learning to protect investors–and themselves–from investments exposed to risk from climate change.

As the country reflects on the anniversary of the fall of Lehman Brothers and the subsequent bailouts of major banks, pressure is mounting for financial institutions and companies to more fully disclose their investment risks, especially those risks from climate change.

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The U.S. Public Sector Works with GHG Protcol to Develop a New Protocol

Public sector organizations are amongst the most important sources of GHG emissions worldwide. Building off 10 years of success in working with the corporate sector, WRI is now developing new accounting guidance for government operations - the GHG Protocol Public Sector Protocol (U.S.). The Protocol is intended as a flexible management tool enabling government agencies of all types to meet multiple reporting objectives.

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Sector-Specific Guidance for GHG Inventories in Agriculture and Forestry Sectors

The GHG Protocol is currently exploring the development of sector-specific guidance for corporate GHG inventories in both the agriculture and forestry sectors.

If you are interested in receiving further information, please fill out the contact form below to be added to a Stakeholder Interest Group and receive updates on the development of the guidance.

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GHG Protocol Product and Supply Chain Initiative Kicks-Off Stakeholder Advisory Group

August marked the launch of two webinars presented to the Stakeholder Advisory Group for the new standards for Product and Scope 3 Greenhouse Gas Accounting and Reporting. The two-hour webinar was conducted for stakeholders in Europe and North America on August 6th and for stakeholders in Asia on August 27th. The webinars provided an overview of the standards’ development process to date, a review of the initial recommendations, and details of the upcoming comment process on the draft standards.

Over 240 stakeholders participated in the webinars. For those who were not able to attend, the webinar was recorded and is now posted on the GHG Protocol website.

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Chinese Cement Companies Take Further Steps to Measure and Manage GHG Emissions

In July, the largest 42 cement companies in China will take further steps to measure and manage their GHG emissions. These companies produce approximately 400 million metric tons of cement per year, accounting for over 30% of Chinese cement production. Cement production is a major source of carbon dioxide emissions, accounting for five percent of the global total. China’s cement sector alone accounts for 45% of global cement production.

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Calculation Tools - Progress Report

Cross-sector tools update

The Stationary Combustion tool has been completely rewritten to greatly enhance ease of use and minimize the potential for transcription errors while inputting data. The tool automates the selection and use of emission factors based on information provided by the user, including the type of fuel, units, heating value and industry. The new tool can be downloaded from http://www.ghgprotocol.org/calculation-tools/all-tools.

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Outreach Activities - Program Work

Developing Country Programs

Brazil

Brazil’s National Plan on Climate Change includes the GHG Protocol Brazil Program, describing it as an important instrument for evaluating industry performance and achieving best practices. The Climate Change bills recently introduced at the national, state, and municipal levels also contain language on GHG inventories and standards as a result of interventions made by Brazil Program partners.

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'24’ and the LA Clippers use GHG Protocol to help offset emissions

Fox television hit ‘24’ and the Los Angeles Clippers are both using WRI’s GHG Protocol to help offset emissions.

The Emmy award winning television series starring Kiefer Sutherland has been crowned the first carbon neutral television production, according to Fox. The show reduced its season seven emissions by 43% through greener practices.

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WRI’s Pershing Named No. 2 Climate Diplomat for Secretary Clinton

WASHINGTON, D.C., March 23, 2009 - Dr. Jonathan Pershing today becomes the new Deputy Special Envoy for Climate Change under U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.

Pershing will work alongside U.S. Special Envoy for Climate Change Todd Stern, who was appointed by Clinton on January 26 as President Barack Obama's lead climate negotiator.

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New EPA Rule Establishes Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Reporting

EPA is creating a nationwide database of greenhouse gas emissions, an important first step on the path to reducing U.S. emissions.

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GHG Protocol's Product & Supply Chain Initiative Launches in Washington, DC and London

A new collaboration launches to develop standards for measuring and managing GHG emissions throughout the product life cycle and across the entire corporate value chain.

The group is the GHG Protocol’s Product and Supply Chain Initiative, convened under the GHG Protocol. The project’s Steering Committee and technical working groups launched in September, in a series of meetings in Washington, DC and London, involving over 100 participants. The meetings signal the kickoff of a two-year process that ultimately will produce two new GHG Protocol publications that are expected to become international standards - product life cycle accounting standards and corporate value chain accounting guidelines.

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WRI and Sun Talk Energy and Sustainable Business at 2008 Net Impact Conference

WRI participated in the annual 2008 Net Impact Conference, held at the Wharton School of Business in Philadelphia on November 15th. GHG Protocol joined a panel for the three-hour OpenEco Energy Camp Saturday morning session, sponsored by Sun Microsystems. The session centered around Sun’s global online-community OpenEco.org, that provides free tools to help participants measure, track, and compare energy and greenhouse gas (GHG) performance.

The unconference style encouraged the MBA attendees to take part in the conversation and share their ideas about sustainable business operations.

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WRI Launches New Corporate Consultative Group

On September 16th and 17th, WRI launched its new Corporate Consultative Group (CCG) in Washington, D.C. This group provides member companies with regular exposure to WRI expertise and several opportunities to exchange valuable thinking about shared environmental challenges.

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Calculation Tools - Progress Report

General tool revisions

WRI initiated changes to its suite of mobile combustion tools. These changes are ultimately aimed at increasing usability and at ensuring the calculation methodologies are consistent with international best-practices. Most notably, WRI has completely reformatted the Mobile Combustion tool to increase its functionality and ease-of-use. Revisions to the methodologies will begin over the coming months.

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Outreach Activities - Program Work

Developing Country Programs - Updates

Brazil

The Brazil GHG Protocol Program has held two training workshops for its 27 founding members at the Fundacao Getulio Vargas in Sao Paulo to prepare them to develop inventories of their 2008 GHG emissions. Inventories will be prepared in accordance with Brazil’s GHG Protocol-based accounting and reporting specifications (finalized in November) and submitted in early 2009. WRI is also customizing a set of GHG quantification tools according to Brazil’s unique energy and GHG profile.

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GHG Protocol Releases India GHG Program Guide

The month of October saw the CD-release of the final version of the India program guide by the Indian Prime Minister’s Special Envoy on Climate Change, Mr Shyam Saran. In his remarks, Mr Saran emphasized the importance of businesses taking the initiative to deal with climate change and encouraged public-private partnerships. The guide provides guidance and examples to assist companies in accounting for, quantification and tracking of their greenhouse gas emissions using internationally accepted Greenhouse Gas Protocol Corporate Standard.

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Calculation Tools - Progress Report

Iron and Steel tool

The Iron and Steel tool has been road-tested by various iron and steel companies worldwide. Their feedback is currently being incorporated into the tool, and several stakeholder meetings with industry experts are being planned to resolve outstanding issues, such as how emissions sources that are not covered by IPCC guidance can be accounted for.

Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution

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Tsinghua University and WRI Host First Stakeholder Workshop in China for New Product and Supply Chain Standard

On July 16, Tsinghua University’s Energy and Environmental Economics (3E) Institute and the World Resources Institute hosted a workshop to discuss ‘Methodologies for Calculating Product and Supply Chain Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Embodied Carbon.’

The forum convened international and Chinese government, academic, and NGO experts in the first stakeholder forum for the development of a new WRI-World Business Council for Sustainable Development GHG Protocol standard for product and supply chain greenhouse gas accounting.

Deputy Director of the Law Carbon Energy Institute at Tsinghua University, Professor Zhang Xiliang provided welcoming remarks, noting the significance of supply chain and embedded carbon issues in China.

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WRI and WBCSD Convening Global Stakeholder Process to Develop New Product/Supply Chain Guidelines

Over the last few months, the GHG Protocol has been planning new guidelines for product life-cycle emissions and corporate-level scope 3 emissions. The World Resources Institute and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development are in the process of convening a global stakeholder process to develop these standards.

This summer, WRI and WBCSD are creating a global Steering Committee and several Technical Working Groups to guide and carry out the standard development process.

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Business, Government, and NGOs Partner to Launch Brazil GHG Protocol Program

In her final act as Minister of Environment, then-Minister Marina Silva launched the Brazil Greenhouse Gas Protocol Program on May 12 in Brasilia. The program will serve as a national public registry for corporate GHG inventories, calculation methodologies, and emission factors.

"The fact that we are beneficiaries of differentiated responsibilities does not give us the right to pollute, does not mean that our countries can follow the same path as the countries that have stable economies," said Silva, referring to a provision in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change that differentiates the responsibilities of developed and developing countries to address global warming. "We must bring together the best of our techniques to face these challenges."

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Indian Industry Initiates GHG Inventorization Program with WRI and U.S.

Close on the heels of a new GHG program in Brazil, the Indian industry launched a national-level GHG Inventorization Program in Delhi, India, on May 28, 2008. Under the program, corporations will measure and manage their GHG emissions based on internationally recognized standards and monitor their progress towards voluntary reduction goals.

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Hong Kong Adopts GHG Protocol for Building Sector

Accounting for 89 percent of end-use electricity consumption, buildings are the focus of a new ‘Carbon Audit’ campaign aimed to tackle climate change in Hong Kong.

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The Climate Registry Releases General Reporting Protocol and Online Reporting Tool

The Climate Registry has finalized its General Reporting Protocol, which provides a consistent framework for companies and organizations across North America to measure and publicly report their Greenhouse Gas emissions. To date, the Climate Registry has the participation of over 250 reporting organizations, including WRI.

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Outreach Activities - Program Work

China

On May 12, WRI hosted representatives from the Cement Task Force of the Asia-Pacific Partnership on Clean Development to plan for the next workshop to train Chinese cement companies to account for CO2 emissions using the GHG Protocol. At this meeting in Washington, D.C., the China Building Materials Academy (CBMA) and the National Development Reform Commission (NDRC) presented results from a survey of 12 of China’s largest cement companies who are beginning to implement the Cement Sustainability Initiative (CSI) CO2 Protocol based on the GHG Protocol.

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New Guidelines on Supply Chain and Lifecycle Greenhouse Gas Accounting and Reporting in Planning Process

With “carbon footprint” increasingly becoming a popular buzzword within the corporate lexicon, companies are seeking more guidance on how to develop fuller and more accurate pictures of their greenhouse gas emissions, particularly in terms of supply chain, lifecycle, and product emissions.

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Chinese Cement Companies Accounting for CO2 Emissions

Last month, Chinese cement companies took the first steps towards measuring and managing CO2 emissions across the entire cement sector

Cement production is a major source of carbon dioxide emissions: five percent of the global total. And China's cement sector all by itself accounts for 45 percent of global cement production.

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Designing a U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions Registry

In late February, WRI is publishing a policy brief called “Designing a U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions Registry.” Unlike previous publications such as Measuring to Manage: A Guide to Designing Greenhouse Gas Accounting and Reporting Programs, this policy brief focuses on the design of mandatory greenhouse gas registries for use in regulatory, rather than voluntary, contexts.

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Program Based on U.S. EPA's Climate Leaders to be Launched in India

Since its creation in 2002, the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders Program has assisted more than 150 companies to develop and implement long-term climate change strategies. This includes developing a GHG inventory, an inventory management plan, and a GHG reduction target. To replicate this successful model in India, WRI, U.S. EPA and the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) Green Business Center (GBC) are partnering together to replicate the Climate Leaders program there. Following the Annual Meeting of the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders Program in Boulder, Colorado on Dec.

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Taking Corporate GHG Accounting to Scale: Bali Side Event Introduces New Tools for GHG Management

The GHG Protocol announced three new developments to promote the scale-up of GHG accounting and reporting at a COP-13 side event on December 7 in Bali, Indonesia.

The side event launched the GHG Protocol’s newest publication, Measuring to Manage: A Guide to Designing GHG Accounting and Reporting Programs. Measuring to Manage draws on lessons learned from programs such as the Mexico GHG Program, the Philippine GHG Accounting and Reporting Program, The Climate Registry, and Climate Leaders to guide users through the process of designing and implementing programs to promote GHG accounting and reporting.

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WRI's GHG Protocol Team in Discussion with Sun Microsystems to Partner in OpenEco.org Initiative

Sun Microsystems’ OpenEco is a global online-community that provides free tools to help participants measure, track, and compare energy and greenhouse gas (GHG) performance. In February 2008, WRI’s GHG Protocol Team met with Sun Microsystems to discuss potential partnership opportunities.

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Outreach Activities - Program Work

The Climate Registry

WRI continues to play an active role in the design and implementation of the Climate Registry. WRI is working with registry staff to analyze the extensive public comments received on the Climate Registry’s General Reporting Protocol and develop policy recommendations and new technical guidance in response to those comments. Through this effort, WRI is further developing and refining best practices in corporate GHG accounting and reporting and in GHG registry implementation..

Brazil

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GHG Protocol Currently Seeking Funding for Major Tool Upgrade

Since the GHG Protocol first announced plans in February to upgrade the suite of 16 calculation tools available free of charge to the public, significant research has been conducted to determine how best to update the tools with the most recent information and how to make the format of the tools more user friendly.

The GHG Protocol Initiative has also consistently received feedback regarding the need for an improved, more user-friendly interface for the tools, such as integrated desktop software or web applications that combine all of the tools and eliminate the need for duplicate entry of

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The Climate Registry and Mexico GHG Program Recognized as 'Top Outcomes'

At the end of each fiscal year, WRI designates ten outcomes across projects and programs as the ‘Top Ten Outcomes’ for a particular year. This year, the GHG Protocol’s work with The Climate Registry and the Mexico GHG Program was recognized as two of these top outcomes. WRI defines an “outcome” as a change in the external world caused by an activity by WRI and its partners. It is something that someone is doing or has done differently as a result of the work WRI and its partners does as a realized objective.

To determine which of the 35 outcomes across WRI were the ten most substantial, three criteria were used to rank the outcomes in order of significance: alignment with WRI’s institutional goals, the significance of the outcome, and the causative role of WRI.

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GHG Protocol Seeks Input on New Standards

Recently, the GHG Protocol Initiative has received a significant number of inquiries which have led us to consider the need to develop a new suite of international standards or guidelines related to life cycle/supply chain emissions accounting for products and/or organizations.

We have developed a survey to help us assess the need for further standards/guidance. We hope to use the results from this survey to enable us to gain additional insight and feedback and make an appropriate decision on next steps.

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New Calculation Tools - Progress Report

Tools in Progress:

  • Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Tool: A draft of the Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution tool will be going out for review at the beginning of November. WRI has been working with the California Climate Action Registry to develop the tool. Please contact Florence Daviet at fdaviet@wri.org, if you are interested in reviewing the tool.
  • Iron and Steel Tool: WRI has a received comments back on the Iron and Steel discussion paper, and plans to develop a first draft of the tool for review in the next couple of months.
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WRI Hosts Workshop on Energy Savings and CO2 Reductions in the Chinese Cement Industry

As cement production is responsible for five percent of global carbon dioxide emissions, it is considered a key target for climate change mitigation. China alone accounts for 45 percent of global cement manufacture and consumption.

Recognizing the significance of the Chinese cement industry as a big-hitting, carbon and energy-intensive sector, WRI hosted a delegation from the China Building Materials Academy (CBMA), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the U.S. Department of Energy, and the Portland Cement Association (PCA) to discuss international collaboration on energy savings and CO2 emissions reductions in the Chinese cement industry.

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China Program Gains Significant Momentum

Operating under the theme, “Energy Conservation is GHG Emissions Reduction” (jie neng shi jian pai), the WRI-WBCSD-CBCSD China Energy Conservation and GHG Management Program saw significant progress since its launch in June.

In September, the program partners held a cement sector working group meeting in Beijing to review feedback from Beijing Cement Company’s implementation of the WBCSD Cement Sustainability Initiative (CSI) tool. The tool was trialed in the company to develop its CO2 emissions inventory.

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GHG Management Institute Launched

WRI’s GHG Protocol Team is teaching “the new carbon math” – carbon accounting for GHG measurement and management – by developing e-learning curriculum based on GHG Protocol standards and tools. Under the ‘GHG Management Institute (www.ghginstitute.org),’ WRI will develop a series of online courses in partnership with Earth Council Geneva (ECG), the GHG Experts Network (GEN), and ClimateCheck. The institute aims to provide professional training on how to measure and manage GHG emissions.

“The Institute’s philosophy is ‘if you cannot accurately measure GHG emissions, you cannot manage them’,” Michael Gillenwater, the Dean of the Institute and the Director of the GHG Experts Network, said in a press release.

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Energy Savings and GHG Management Addressed

The China Business Council for Sustainable Development, in conjunction with WBCSD and WRI, hosted an informational workshop, “Corporate Energy Conservation and GHG Management,” on June 1 in Beijing at the Kempinski Hotel.

Approximately 100 representatives from CBCSD’s member companies, government agencies, and NGOs attended the workshop.

Keynote speakers included NDRC representatives He Bing Guang, Vice General Director of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources; Li Liyan, Division Director of the China Climate Change Coordination Office; Yu Cong, Director of the Energy Research Institute; Yang Chao Fei, Director General of the Department of Policy and Law at the State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA); and WRI President Jonathan Lash.

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Mexico Bases Climate Change Strategy on GHG Program

The Mexican government has adopted a new national climate change strategy that identifies the GHG Protocol-based Mexico GHG Program as the basis of a step-by-step approach to climate change mitigation. The strategy begins with voluntary GHG accounting and reporting, progresses to energy sector GHG caps, and culminates in a national cap-and-trade scheme linked to international GHG markets.

According to Secretary of Environment Juan Rafael Elvira in the Chicago Tribune, the Mexican government aims to “promote this new political approach that Mexico has to combat climate change and – why not – be an example as a nation, an approach that many other countries can follow.”

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WRI-Facilitated U.S. Registry Launched

For some time now, U.S. states have been well ahead of the federal government in taking action on climate change. In April came the latest big development: 34 U.S. states, two Canadian provinces (British Columbia and Manitoba), and the Campo Kumeyaay Nation joined together to form the Climate Registry.

The 34 U.S. states together represent over 70 percent of the U.S. population, and they represent impressive diversity, geographically, economically, and politically.

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GHG Protocol to Publish Two New Documents

Electricity Guidance, Tool Manual to be Released

The GHG Protocol Initiative will release two publications at the beginning of July, “Guidelines for Quantifying GHG Reductions from Grid-Connected Electricity Projects” and “Designing a Customized Greenhouse Gas Calculation Tool.”

“Designing a Customized Greenhouse Gas Calculation Tool” is a guidebook on how to adapt existing GHG calculation tools to use for a specific GHG program or to more closely reflect national or regional circumstances.

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Cardoso Delivers Keynote at Inaugural GHG Forum in Brazil

“Climate change is no longer their problem. It’s now our problem,” said Fernando Henrique Cardoso, referring to climate change as a global issue that has surpassed the domain of industrialized countries.

Cardoso, a WRI board member and the President of Brazil from 1995 to 2003, casually addressed a crowd of close to 200 at the first forum on the GHG Protocol and greenhouse gas (GHG) management in Brazil on April 23, opting to speak while seated rather than from behind the podium used by the other speakers.

Cardoso’s participation drew the largest crowd of stakeholders – ranging from some of the most GHG-intensive industries to the largest banks and government agencies – to any similar event in the GHG Protocol’s developing country initiatives.

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Outreach Activities - Program Work

Mexico GHG Program

The Mexico GHG Program, through DNV, is developing a verification handbook, which is pursuing the establishment of verification guidelines to promote the development of high-quality GHG inventories. This document is under revision by the Program Partners.

An information session on the Mexico GHG Program was held in May 2007 at the Mining Industrial Chamber (Cámara Minera de México) to invite mining companies to join the program.

Philippine GHG Program

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GHG Protocol Website to be Redesigned

Update your bookmarks - the GHG Protocol Initiative’s website will be undergoing a massive facelift this summer. Content reorganization and aesthetic changes are just some of the improvements that the new site will feature.

“Due to the changing nature of the GHG Protocol Initiative’s work from purely the development of guidance documents and calculation tools to more implementation and outreach-focused activities, the current website needs major changes in terms of content reorganization and design,” according to Angel Hsu, a research assistant on the GHG Protocol Initiative Team at WRI.

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New Calculation Tools - Progress Report

Updated Tools * The Mexico Pulp and Paper Tool is now available for download under ‘Developing Countries: Customized Tools’ on www.ghgprotocol.org. Guidance documents are available in both English and Spanish. * The Aluminum Tool has been revised to incorporate changes and comments from EPA Climate Leaders.

Iron and Steel Tool

WRI is working with The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) to complete the discussion paper for the next version of the Iron and Steel tool.

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LULUCF Performance Standard Approach Met with Enthusiasm at Nairobi Launch

Project developers are concerned that high transaction costs and uncertainty around the acceptance of projects by governing bodies is limiting the number of projects being developed in Africa and around the world. This concern has resulted in an interest in thinking about GHG project development differently. Stakeholders were interested to hear more about the performance standard approach for Land Use, Land-Use change and Forestry (LULUCF) projects at the Nairobi Conference of Parties (COP-12), which provides a methodology for setting a multi-project GHG removal baseline for GHG Projects.

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Philippine Greenhouse Gas Program Launched in Manila

Accounting and reporting program initiated after two-day training workshop.

The Philippines Greenhouse Gas Accounting and Reporting Program (PhilGARP) was officially launched at the Mandarin Oriental Hotel in Manila on November 30, 2006. The event culminated in the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between program partners Klima Climate Change Center of the Manila Observatory (Klima-MO), Philippine Business for the Environment (PBE), the Department of Energy, the Environmental Management Bureau of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (EMB-DENR), and the World Resources Institute.

The program is supported in large part by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID).

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Calculation Tools to be Updated

Web-based, all-in-one options to be considered

Based upon multiple sources of feedback regarding the GHG Protocol’s 16 calculation tools, the GHG Protocol team is now considering raising funds to update and possibly revamp its tools, which are currently available for download on www.ghgprotocol.org.

Also up for consideration is the development of a more user-friendly, web-based calculation tool that integrates most, if not all, of the tools.

Currently, each cross-sector and industry-specific calculation tool is comprised of a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet and an Adobe PDF guidance document.

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Outreach Activities - Program Work

Brazil GHG Program

WRI and WBCSD are working with the Conselho Empresarial Brasileiro para o Desenvolvimento Sustentável (CEBDS) and Fundação Getulio Vargas to initiate a greenhouse gas accounting and reporting program in Brazil. Preparations for an industry workshop to be held this spring in Brazil are underway.

China Initiative

WRI and WBCSD reached an agreement with the China Business Council for Sustainable Development (CBCSD) in Beijing to initiate a voluntary corporate energy and greenhouse gas management program in China.

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Calculation Tools - Progress Report

Updated Tools:

  • Indirect CO2 emissions from the consumption of purchased electricity, heat, and/or steam - updated with new IEA 2004 data
  • Indirect CO2 Emissions from Purchased Electricity - updated with new IEA 2004 data
  • Stationary combustion - updated with new CO2 2006 IPCC emissions factors. CH4 and N20 factors to be adjusted when finalized by the IPCC. Further updates to reflect IPCC guidance to come.

In Progress:

Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Tool

A draft discussion paper of the tool was completed and reviewed internally in December.

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New Calculation Tools - Progress Report

Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Tool

WRI and the California Climate Action Registry are working together to complete a Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Tool, which will cover the specific emissions from this sector. This tool is the result of both industry association and direct industry interest, and has been bolstered by government support as well. A discussion paper will be presented to stakeholders for discussion in January.

Banking Sector Tool

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New Documents - Publication Developments

Typology

The project typology will provide project developers with project-specific information on a range of accounting issues (e.g., possible baseline candidates, secondary effects, important data sources, monitoring techniques).

The first five chapters of this tool have been reviewed by the GHG Protocol team.

Angela Zahniser, who is on rotation at WRI through the Presidential Management Fellow Program, will help work on the sixth chapter, which pertains to carbon sequestration projects.

Next steps on this project include an extensive external review and additional collection

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Outreach Activities - Program Work

Multi-state Registry

WRI is providing technical support to the Multi-State Registry (MSR) Technical Working Group.

It is comprised of representatives from the California Climate Action Registry, the Eastern Climate Registry Working Group, the Midwest Registry Working Group, and Western states working through the Western Regional Air Partnership.

On Oct. 12-13, the MSR Technical Working Group convened at WRI’s offices in Washington, D.C. to discuss various issues regarding the framework proposal, which include voluntary reporting, mandatory reporting, and verification proposals.

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WRI Team Travels to Nairobi to Launch LULUCF Guide to Project Accounting

On Nov. 7, Florence Daviet and Suzie Greenhalgh of WRI will travel to Nairobi, Kenya to present the “Land use, Land-use change and Forestry Guidance for GHG Project Accounting” (LULUCF) at the Climate Change Conference of Parties (COP-12).

In Nairobi, Daviet and Greenhalgh will present the publication along with three panelists, two who reviewed the document and participated in its development.

The discussion at the COP side event will focus on the performance standard and how it can translate into setting a multi-project baseline for LULUCF projects. The panelists will also show how the protocol can be used to identify specific opportunities for LULUCF reduction projects in the African context.

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Revised Aluminum Tool Now Available

The International Aluminum Institute (IAI), in association with WBCSD and WRI, announced on Oct. 23 an updated set of tools for calculating GHG emissions from primary aluminum production.

“The revised Aluminum Sector Greenhouse Gas Protocol will help to improve still further on the reliability and consistency of the calculation and reporting of greenhouse gases globally throughout the aluminum sector,” said Robert Chase, the Secretary General of IAI in a press release.

“It will be of value for internal company use as well as for reporting to the public and to specific audiences such as governments and special interest groups,” Chase said.

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Program Officially Transitions from Pilot Phase to Headquarters at SEMARNAT

The Mexico GHG Program officially transitioned from a pilot project to a permanent program on October 2, marking a significant milestone for the program partners and 30 participating businesses. The transition was ushered in through a signing of a permanent-status Memorandum of Understanding (MOU), which replaced the pilot-phase MOU that was set to expire in November.

“Mexican government and business leaders were among the first to recognize the value of measuring and managing GHG emissions. The GHG Protocol team and WRI are proud to have worked with our partners in Mexico to take this idea through a successful pilot phase and into a permanent institution,” said Paul Faeth, Executive Vice President of WRI, who attended the event.

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