Issue 37: Summer 2013

Dear Friends and Partners of the GHG Protocol,

Welcome to the Summer 2013 edition of the GHG Protocol newsletter. This summer has been a very exciting time for our team as the Global Protocol for Community Scale Emissions (GPC) and the Mitigation Goals and Policy and Action Standards have entered the road testing phase. GHG Protocol also supported the launch of the India GHG Program and issued an amendment that requires nitrogen trifluoride (NF3) emissions to be reporting in inventories consistent with our standards.

As always we welcome feedback on all areas of our work. Opportunities to sign up for updates on individual projects are listed on their webpages and general comments can be submitted through our website or sent to ghgquestions@wri.org.

Best regards,
The WRI and WBCSD GHG Protocol Team

Top Stories

India GHG Program Launch

On July 22, 2013, WRI India, The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) and Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) launched the India GHG Program, a voluntary initiative to standardize measurement and management of GHG emissions in India. In addition to representatives from over 20 founding member companies, the event was attended by key corporate, environmental, and government leaders including Bureau of Energy Efficiency, Shakti Foundation, USAID, and CDP.

The India GHG Program aims to help companies in India monitor their progress toward voluntary reduction goals in a consistent and credible manner. The program will provide companies with tools and technical assistance to build inventories, identify reduction opportunities, establish both annual and long-term reduction goals, and track their progress based on GHG Protocol standards. Allowing companies to focus on improved measurement and management also enables increased cost-savings that will benefit businesses’ bottom line. The Program will also facilitate engagement of the business sector with policymakers, supporting progress toward national goals on carbon intensity and GHG emissions mitigation. In addition, it will help promote harmonization across similar initiatives and build a pool of trained GHG practitioners and GHG measurement and management professionals.

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Mitigation Goals and Policy and Action Standards Second Drafts Released for Pilot Testing

WRI has just released the second drafts of two new GHG Protocol standards: the Policy and Action Standard and the Mitigation Goals Standard. The new standards are designed to help countries and sub-national jurisdictions measure GHG reductions from policies and actions (e.g., NAMAs) and track progress toward national and sub-national GHG reduction goals.

The pilot phase is about to begin, with organizations from a variety of countries participating, including Belgium, China, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Germany, India, Israel, Mexico, South Africa, Tunisia, and the United States.

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Updates

Cities Invited to Pilot Test the Global Protocol for Community-Scale Greenhouse Gas Emissions

On July 10, WRI launched the Beta version of its new Climate Analysis Indicators Tool, or CAIT 2.0. The free online portal provides data on GHG emissions from 186 countries and all 50 U.S. states, as well as other climate-relevant data, and allows users to readily view, sort, visualize, and download data sets for comparative analysis. By providing comprehensive emissions data in an easy-to-use tool, users from government, business, academia, the media, and civil society can effectively explore, understand, and communicate climate change issues.

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Scope 2 Accounting

The Scope 2 Accounting Guidance is entering its final stage of development. The document will clarify how to account for and report GHG emissions from electricity purchase and use. It will also address the role of utility emission factors, power purchase agreements (PPAs), and tracking instruments such as renewable energy certificates (RECs) and Guarantees of Origin (GOs). A final public comment period for the Guidance will begin in September 2013 with final publication scheduled for January 2014. During the comment period, the GHG Protocol will discuss the drafts in webinars and seek written comments. GHG Protocol welcomes input on this guidance, regardless of participation in a Technical Working Group. For those interested in participating, please contact Mary Sotos at msotos@wri.org.

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Accounting Amendment: NF3 now required in GHG inventories

The GHG Protocol has released an accounting amendment that requires NF3 to be included in GHG inventories under the Corporate Standard, Value Chain (Scope 3) Standard, and Product Standard. New measurement techniques have revealed much higher atmospheric concentrations of NF3 than expected and these emissions continue to rise. This is particularly alarming because NF3 has a 100-year global warming potential of 17,200, meaning that it is 17,200 times more powerful than carbon dioxide in trapping atmospheric heat over a 100-year time span – much higher than most other GHGs. NF3 is used in a relatively small number of industrial processes. It is primarily produced in the manufacture of semiconductors and LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) panels, and certain types of solar panels and chemical lasers. NF3 is now considered a potent contributor to climate change and is therefore mandated to be included in national inventories under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The GHG Protocol closely aligns its reporting requirements with those of the UNFCCC to ensure consistency between national, corporate, and product life cycle inventories.

Read More »

Expert Perspectives

The GHG Protocol team has been writing blogs about exciting new developments in our different project areas. All of the blogs are available at WRI Insights as well as on the GHG Protocol website. This is a great opportunity to get more frequent updates about exciting work that is underway as well as find out new ways to engage in the projects.

Team Updates

Joseph Winslow has joined WRI as an Objective Coordinator with the GHG Protocol team. Prior to joining WRI, Joe was at the Society for Science & the Public where he worked on the organization’s development and STEM education advocacy initiatives. He also worked at the National Association of Regional Councils, a membership organization of US COGs and MPOs, where he supported the organization’s environment and economic development programs. Before that, he interned for the U.S. Department of State in Calgary, Canada where he supported consular staff in their work involving the geopolitical energy and environment issues of the region.

Top Stories

The Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Protocol, developed by World Resources Institute (WRI) and World Business Council on Sustainable Development (WBCSD), sets the global standard for how to measure, manage, and report greenhouse gas emissions.

Hundreds of companies and organizations around the world are using GHG Protocol standards and tools to manage their emissions and become more efficient, resilient, and prosperous organizations.

Featured Content

RELEASE: Launch of First Global Standard to Measure Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Cities

Launch of First Global Standard to Measure Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Cities

WRI, C40 and ICLEI Establish First Common Standard to Measure and Report City Emissions

LIMA, PERU (December 8, 2014) — Today the World Resources Institute (WRI), C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group (C40) and ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability (ICLEI) launched the first widely endorsed standard for cities to measure and report their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions at a COP20 event featuring mayors and officials from cities around the world. The Global Protocol for Community-Scale Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventories (GPC) uses a robust and clear framework to establish credible emissions accounting and reporting practices, thereby helping cities develop an emissions baseline, set mitigation goals, create more targeted climate action plans and track progress over time. By using the GPC, cities will also strengthen vertical integration of data reporting to other levels of government, and should gain improved access to local and international climate financing.

RELEASE: Launch of Two New Greenhouse Gas Standards to Improve Climate Policies, Design and Track Progress towards Mitigation Goals

WASHINGTON, DC (November 18, 2014)For the first time, governments now have consistent, reliable methods to account for greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions from their climate policies and goals.

Today, the Greenhouse Gas Protocol (GHG Protocol) launched two new standards to help governments design better policies and emissions reductions goals, and measure progress against them. Developed by World Resources Institute (WRI), the Mitigation Goal Standard and Policy and Action Standard will enable policymakers and analysts to set robust mitigation goals, improve policies, and track progress to meet climate goals.

Staying on Track: A New Tool for Designing and Meeting Emissions-Reduction Goals

by Kelly Levin, David Rich and Pankaj Bhatia - November 18, 2014

China just announced a mitigation goal to peak its emissions by 2030 or earlier, while the United States committed to reduce its national emissions by 26-28 percent below 2005 levels by 2025. South Africa has pledged to reduce its emissions 34 percent below business-as-usual emissions by 2020. Costa Rica has a carbon neutrality goal to be achieved by 2021. New York City aims to reduce its emissions 30 percent below 2005 levels by 2030. And countless other cities and countries have set similar emissions-reduction targets.

How to Calculate Policies’ Effects on Greenhouse Gas Emissions

by David Rich, Kelly Levin and Pankaj Bhatia - November 18, 2014

Tunisia launched its renewable energy program, PROSOL ELEC, in 2010 to scale up solar photovoltaic systems in buildings throughout the country. The National Agency for Energy Conversation (ANME) anticipated that the greater use of solar power would help curb climate change, but experts didn’t quantify just how much the program would reduce the country’s greenhouse gas emissions.

Public Comment Begins for the GPC draft 2.0

After a successful nine-month pilot test from May 2013 to January 2014, the Global Protocol for Community-Scale Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventories (GPC) has been revised and is now available for public comment until August 18th. The authors particularly welcome review by city officials, practitioners, and technical experts in the fields of energy, transportation, waste management, agriculture and forestry.

RELEASE: First Ever Agriculture Guidance Empowers Companies to Measure and Manage Emissions

PRESS RELEASE - May 29, 2014

17 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions result from agriculture

SÃO PAOLO//WASHINGTON (May 29, 2014) – The World Resources Institute unveiled the first ever Agricultural Guidance to help companies measure, manage, and report greenhouse gas emissions from the agriculture sector, including farming, livestock, and land use change. The agriculture sector is responsible for 17 percent of global GHG emissions, including land use change. However, 75 percent of agricultural producers targeted by CDP do not report their emissions.

Scope 2 Guidance Public Comment Period

May 5, 2014 - April 25, 2014

Background

Since the Corporate Standard publication in 2004, both companies and energy suppliers have sought ways to use contractual instruments such as power purchase agreements, renewable energy certificates, Guarantees of Origin, and utility green power programs to support claims about the low-carbon attributes of purchased energy. In addition, companies have increasingly taken a holistic view towards their energy demand management and procurement. Both trends have emphasized the need for a more complete and nuanced reporting framework for scope 2.

Looking Back on 15 Years of Greenhouse Gas Accounting

By Stephen Russell

Most people are familiar with the old adage “You can’t manage what you don’t measure.” Over the past 15 years, we at WRI have certainly seen the truth in that statement.

New CDP Report in the News

A report released by CDP in December 2013 on the use of internal carbon pricing by companies as an incentive and strategic planning tool garnered widespread attention in the media.

Pages

Updates

The Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Protocol, developed by World Resources Institute (WRI) and World Business Council on Sustainable Development (WBCSD), sets the global standard for how to measure, manage, and report greenhouse gas emissions.

Hundreds of companies and organizations around the world are using GHG Protocol standards and tools to manage their emissions and become more efficient, resilient, and prosperous organizations.

Featured Content

Pages

Profiles