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Greenhouse Gas Accounting Tool for Chinese Cities (Pilot Version 1.0)
Chinese Cities Tool Launch
Photo Caption:Panel discussion. From left to right: Dr. LI Lailai, WRI China Country Director; LU Lunyan, Climate and Energy Programme Director, WWF China; JIANG Zhaoli, Division Chief , Climate Change Department, NDRC; Prof. ZHUANG Guiyang, Institute for Urban & Environmental Studies, CASS; Prof. XU Huaqing, Deputy Director, NCSC; PAN Tao, Urban Program Director, ISC; Dr. Fong Wee Kean, Global Lead, GHG Protocol City Project, WRI.
Photo Caption in Chinese:图片说明:专家点评及讨论环节。从左至右分别为:李来来博士,世界资源研究所中国区首席代表;卢伦燕,世界自然基金会(瑞士)北京代表处气候与能源项目主任;蒋兆理,国家发展和改革委员会应对气候变化司处长;庄贵阳博士,中国社会科学院城市发展与环境研究所研究员;徐华清研究员,国家应对气候变化战略研究和国际合作中心副主任;潘涛,可持续发展社区协会低碳城市项目负责人;房伟权博士,世界资源研究所温室气体核算城市项目负责人。

The World Resources Institute (WRI), together with the Institute of Urban and Environmental Studies of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS), the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and the Institute for Sustainable Communities (ISC), developed the GHG Accounting Tool for Chinese Cities (Pilot Version 1.0), aiming to explore appropriate methods to measure city GHG emissions, help cities improve GHG accounting capabilities, and provide decision making support to cities’ low carbon development.

Features of the Tool are as follows:

  • Full accounting of city GHG emissions. The Tool covers five sectors including Energy, Industrial processes, Agriculture, Land-use change and forestry, and Waste. Within these five sectors, the Tool measures the six GHGs (CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs and SF6) specified in the Kyoto Protocol. The Tool also takes into account cross-boundary transport and cross-boundary waste disposal.
  • Combined top-down and bottom-up data collection approach. A top-down approach refers to obtaining available statistical and sectoral data from relevant institutions, such as statistical agencies, industrial associations and other government agencies. A bottom-up approach means obtaining data through research and sample surveys. Due to insufficient statistical and sectoral data, top-down and bottom-up approaches often need to be combined in data collection.
  • Additional focus on key emissions sources. The Tool places special emphasis on industry, buildings, transport and waste in data collection and reporting formats. Industry, buildings and transport are high profile major emissions sources identified by city managers, while waste is another major source of emissions from cities that is less visible but a cornerstone of city GHG accounting nonetheless.
  • Compatible with both international and domestic standards. The Tool uses one set of data to produce multiple sets of output according to both international standards and domestic policy requirements. The Tool can produce various reporting formats such as the Global Protocol for Community Scale Emissions (GPC) format, the provincial inventory format, etc. The Tool offers a GHG accounting pathway which conforms with both China’s national conditions and international standards and makes it easy for users to conduct international comparison of GHG accounting and reporting.
  • Reduced workload for users through automated design. The Tool provides embedded calculation formulas and default emission factors for ease of use. Users only need to collect and input activity level data if they don’t desire an in-depth understanding of the accounting methods or use customized emission factors. After data entry is completed, the Tool generates calculation results with the press of a single button. All calculation methods and default emissions factor data are described in detail in the Guide, to aid the user and promote transparency.




  • 全面核算城市温室气体排放:工具对城市中的能源活动、工业生产过程、农业活动、土地利用变化和林业,以及废弃物处理引起的温室气体排放进行了全面核算。工具涵盖了《京都议定书》规定的六种温室气体。同时,工具还考虑了跨边界交通和跨边界废弃物处理产生的温室气体排放。
  • 结合“自上而下”和“自下而上”两种数据收集方式: “自上而下”数据收集方式是指从相关机构获得已有的统计数据和部门数据,主要体现为从统计部门、政府职能部门和行业协会等获得数据。“自下而上”数据收集方式是指从终端消费处收集并汇总数据,主要体现为通过调研和抽样调查等方式获得数据。在实际情况中,由于城市层面统计数据和部门数据可能缺失,无法只通过“自上而下”一种方式获得全部所需数据,通常需要结合两种方式进行数据收集。
  • 额外关注城市重点排放领域: 工业、建筑和交通三大领域是城市排放较为集中的领域,也是城市管理者十分关注的领域。另外,废弃物处理也是体现城市温室气体排放特点的一大排放源。因此,工具在设计数据收集类别、详细程度和核算结果展示时,额外重点关注了这四大领域。
  • 与国际、国内标准兼容: 工具采用一套数据、多套产出的方法,根据国际标准和国内政策需求,同时产出“ Global Protocol for Community Scale Emissions (GPC) 报告模式”、“省级清单报告模式”、“重点领域排放”报告模式(工业、建筑、交通和废弃物处理)、“产业排放”报告模式、“排放强度”报告模式和“信息项”报告模式,旨在为中国城市提供既符合中国国情,又和国际标准接轨的温室气体核算途径,方便使用者进行统计核算和数据上报,或进行国际比较。
  • 自动化设计减少了用户工作量:工具提供嵌入式计算公式及默认排放因子,对于不希望深入了解核算方法或不希望使用自定义排放因子的用户,只需要收集和输入活动水平数据即可。完成数据输入后只需一键操作即可生成核算结果表格,减少了用户的工作量。另外,所有计算方法和默认排放因子数据均在《指南》中有详细说明,保证了工具的透明性。

Download 下载

Title Date
工具 (Tool) Sep 2013
指南 (Guide) Sep 2013
Press Release (English) Sep 2013
新闻稿 (Press Release in Chinese) Sep 2013
宣传册 (Brochure) Sep 2013


  • Wee Kean Fong, Project Manager, GHG Protocol City Project +86 10 5900 2566 ext 27
  • Xiaoqian Jiang, Research Analyst, GHG Protocol City Project, +86 10 5900 2566 ext 11


  • 房伟权,温室气体核算体系城市项目负责人 +86 10 5900 2566 ext 27
  • 蒋小谦,温室气体核算体系城市项目研究分析员 +86 10 5900 2566 ext 11