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Name of sourceecoinvent Database 
Summary text

ecoinvent is an internationally active, mission-driven organization devoted to supporting high-quality, science-based environmental assessments. Its activities include publishing and maintaining the ecoinvent database, a comprehensive life cycle inventory database that provides reliable and transparent information on the environmental impacts of various products and services. It is used by companies, researchers, and policymakers to analyze the environmental impact of their operations, make informed decisions, and develop sustainable practices.

The ecoinvent database provides a rich pool of secondary data for scope 3 GHG reporting and can help reporters to fill data gaps by providing regional or global average GHG emission factors, average transport distances and modes, and regional product and technology mixes. In addition, separated scope 2 and 3 emission factors for electricity are also available.

LicensingBy arrangement, contact ecoinvent for details. 
Access – data formats and accessibility
File typeHTML (web) access to data on-line and to excel files 
Software needsMicrosoft office 
Contents – breadth and depth of datasets
GeographyMore than 500 geographies including individual countries and specific regions 
Original Data Source(s)Academic research, Industry statistics, Government publications, Other LCA databases 
Other Databases IncludedVarious 
Life cycle stagesCradle-to-Grave 
Modeling approachProcess 
Emissions resultsTotal CO2e, separate GHGs 
Number of datasetsMore than 18,000 
Main topicsAccommodation services, Agriculture & Animal Husbandry, Building & Construction, Chemicals, Plastics, Energy including electricity and heat, Forestry & Wood, Fuels, Infrastructure, Metals, Pulp & Paper, Transport, Textiles, Waste management & Recycling, Water supply. 
Other topicsEnvironmental Product Declaration (EPDs), GHG reporting, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Corporate Sustainability reporting 
Data transparency – what metadata is provided for each dataset?
System boundariesYes 
Data TypesUnit process 
Allocation MethodsYes 
Data yearYes 
Original sourceYes 
Quality – is information provided on data quality?
Data quality scoreYes 
Quality assuranceYes 
Standards compliantISO 14040; ISO 14044; ISO/TS 14048; ISO 14025; ISO 21930; EN15804&A2:2019; GHG protocol – Corporate Value Chain (Scope 3) Standard